Monasteries have been playing a special role in history of the
spiritual and cultural development of the Ukrainian nation. Having
appeared in Kyiv Rus after the adoption of Christianity they became
important centres of faith, education, literature, fine arts, and
science, etc. The Lavra Monastery of Fathers Basilians located near
Staryy Sambir in Lviv region ranks high among them. The Lavra Monastery
is considered to be one of the oldest monasteries of Saint Onufriy in
Ukraine. According to the local stories the first monks lived in local
caves already in the 8-9th centuries, i.e. before Christianity was
adopted as the state religion in Kyiv Rus. According to the researches
the monastery appeared in the 12th – the beginning of the 13th century.
At that time there was a settlement on this territory together with a
graveyard and a chapel. Father Superior Mykola Kovalyshyn (picture 46
shows Father Mykola Kovalyshyn and editor Lubomyra Burka) talked about
the monastery in more detail.
Facets of the Faith
Professor Orest Abrahamovych: «A sin starts with a sinful thought,
whereas a sickness starts with a sin.»
The faith, and life according to
the God's commandments helps best in fighting sicknesses - this is an
opinion of the guest of our studio, professor Orest Ostapovych
Abrahamovych (picture 47), Head of the Department of Hospital Therapy
of the Lviv Danylo Halytsky National Medical University, Doctor of
medical science. In the series of thematic broadcasts the professor
shared his views about how the faith helps people in their routine
life, and in critical situations, especially in treatment of
sicknesses, in particular, heavy sicknesses.
The 800 anniversary of the Lavra Monastery of Brothers Basilians in
Lviv region, as well as the present and prospects of the monastery was
the topic of the thematic program of Voskresinnya Radio involving
participants and organizers of the celebrations: candidate of historic
science Petro Shkrabyuk, Father Superior Mykola Kovalyshyn and Father
The series of thematic programs «Abortion. Reasons. Process.
Consequences» prepared by journalist Lidiya Puha (picture 48) voiced
the opinions of experts in gynecology and psychiatry, stories of people
who decided on abortion and those who, despite the unfavourable
conditions, decided on childbirth; opinions of writers and scholars,
young people who care about this issue, and those who actively promote
the dissemination of true information about abortion and its
consequences. The purpose of these programs is not to blame women who
decided on abortion pressed by circumstances, other people or due to a
simple ignorance of consequences of this operation, but to provide true
information about a real murder of a little baby. So, if for the whole
period when these programs were broadcasted, under the influence of the
information heard any woman changed her mind and rejected the initial
intention to have an abortion, or if any man would support a future
mother of his child in her decision to give birth, then our work was
not in vain.
«The Theological and Pastoral Position of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic
Church regarding a Postabortal Syndrome (PAS) and Related Issues» – a
scientific conference with such a title was held in the Ukrainian
Catholic University in Lviv. The conference was organized by the
Institute of Family and Married Life of the Catholic University.
Participants of the conference discussed medical, moral and
theological, and pastoral aspects of the problem. Reverend Hlib
Lonchyna (picture 49: Reverend Hlib Lonchyna, editor Vasyl Kovalyshyn),
Apostolic Visitator for the Ukrainian Greek-Catholics of Italy, Spain,
and Ireland, a conference delegate, took part in the program of
Voskresinnya Radio describing the objectives and aims of the conference.
Guests of the studio of Voskresinnya Radio Father Toma
Kushka, OSBM, confessor of the prayer group «Flame of Love», and Mrs
Oksana Luhovyk, the leader of the prayer group described the
establishment and activities of this prayer group, organized in
Zhovkva, Lviv region (picture 50).
The cycle of the radio programs entitled «Between the Rationalism and
Christianity» prepared by literary critic, candidate of philological
science Oleh Bahan, focused on the evolution of Franko’s viewpoint in
terms of his religious feelings, artistic topics and issues, as well as
on the attempts to consider the key stages of ideological pursuits of
For the first time in Ukraine, the International Colloquium «Ecumenism,
Inter-religious Dialogues and Fundamentalisms» was held on the 20th and
23rd of April at the Ukrainian Catholic University. It was organized by
the Institute of Ecumenical Studies of the UCU, the Embassy of France
in Ukraine, and the Ecumenical Council of Churches.
The colloquium was attended by the leading experts from France,
Finland, Italy, Poland and Ukraine, including Rector of the UCU Fr. Dr
Borys Hudzyak (picture 51), Director of the Institute of Ecumenical
Studies Dr Antuan Arzhakovsky (picture 52), Vice- Rector of the UCU,
prominent public figure Myroslav Marynovych (picture 53), and others.
They took part in three round tables «The Modern Ecumenical Discussion
about the Church», «The Modern Dialogue between Christians and
Muslims», and «Ecumenical Reflections on Fundamentalism».
The starting point for the discussion between the colloquium delegates
was the document «The Nature and Mission of the Church» which was
published by the Ecumenical Council of Churches in February 2006, in an
attempt to improve the international religious situation.
Editor-in-chief of the Internet-edition «Orthodoxy in Ukraine» Fr.
Andriy Dudchenko, a priest of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow
Patriarchate, presented the Orthodox view on the nature and mission of
the Church. Fr. Andriy also expressed his thoughts in the interview for
Rafat Chubarov, Member of Parliament, Deputy Head of the Majlis of the
Crimean Tatar nation, in his interview provided the example of
inter-religious understanding in unusual situations, a dialogue between
Muslims and Christians in Ukraine during the Orange Revolution.
The second Sunday of May is the Mother's Day. The mother-protector of
the family has been especially respected in Ukraine from the ancient
times: a mother as a head of the family, the highest authority and
judge. Ivan Franko pointed out that the status of a woman in a
Ukrainian family was much higher if compared with other nations; she
shared equal rights with her husband, was a wife and an advisor to him.
History of the mother's holiday goes back to the ancient Roman Empire,
where the First Christians on the fourth Sunday of the Lent gave their
respect to Mother of Jesus Christ, who blessed her son for the
crucifixion for the sake of salvation of the mankind.
This holiday brings our souls back to ancient traditions, for us to
respect our mother throughout life. It is not accidental that this day
is celebrated in May, as this month the Church dedicates to the Virgin
Mary. Daily May thanksgiving services are traditional, glorifying
Mother of Our Lord Jesus Christ and protector of all Christians.
The studio of Voskresinnya Radio was visited by Mrs Vira Chmelyk
(picture 54), a coordinator of the International Prayer Movement in
Ukraine «Mothers in a Prayer», who described this women's movement that
had been established in England in 1995. At present it comprises about
300 communities in Ukraine.
«The Late Return» is the series of thematic radio stories about the
spiritual heritage of prominent Ukrainian religious and public figure,
historian of the Church, pedagogue, scientist, and devotee of the
Ukrainian Orthodox Church Metropolitan Ilarion Ohiyenko. The project
«The Late Return» was launched by the Metropolitan Ilarion Foundation
chaired by professor Mykola Stepanovych Tymoshyk (picture 55), Doctor
of philological science, Head of the Publishing and Editing Department
of the Institute of Journalism, the Kyiv National University. Among
other topics, there were several stories about the Ukrainian
translation of the Bible. The material was prepared by editor Volodymyr